Diabetics are more likely to have foot problems. If these problems worsen they can lead to complications and even infections. It is important to recognize and treat any foot problems so that complications do not occur. Diabetic patients can have nerve damage in their feet. This is known as diabetic neuropathy.
The patient may experience numbness and tingling in their feet. The diabetic patient with neuropathy may have a lack of sensation in their feet.
This type of patient may not experience pain the way that someone without neuropathy would experience pain. The diabetic patient may not feel a cut, or blister. Numbness may change the normal balance of walking and standing. Poor weight distribution can even lead to fractures.
Pressure points can lead to ulcerations and blisters. The diabetic patient may also have a deficiency in their circulation. The diabetic with both a wound and poor circulation could develop an infection or even gangrene. This type of event could possibly lead to a partial amputation of the foot. When the diabetic has nerve damage and circulation problems it is important to notice changes in the feet to prevent any complications.
Control of glucose levels
Regular visits to the primary care doctor
Inspecting the feet regularly:
Look between toes
Check for any cracks, blisters, scrapes, or ulcers
Look at the bottom of the feet (use a mirror if needed)
Wear protective shoe gear
Preventing any injury to the feet
Wash your feet with mild soap and water (Do not use hot water)
Dry carefully between the toes
If you note any lesions or any signs of infection notify your podiatrist immediately
See the podiatrist regularly for foot care
Never try to trim calluses yourself
Wear good fitting shoes
Avoid tight shoes and high heels
Wear clean socks and change them daily
Do not walk barefoot
Make sure there is nothing in your shoes before putting them on
Apply proper sun screen
When foot problems are found early proper treatment can take place. Notify your podiatrist immediately. Early treatment and care of a minor problem may prevent a major problem such as a serious infection.
Foot problems can be prevented through good glucose control, daily foot care, and regular inspection.